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Knowledge Repository

Does the type of flooring affect the risk of hip fracture?

Author(s): Simpson, A. H. R. W. , Lamb, S. , Roberts, P. J. , Gardner, T.N. , Grimley, E.J.
Hip fractures are a serious consequence of falls, especially for aging populations. Number of hip fractures occuring worldwide is estimated to reach 6.3 million worldwide, by the year 2050. Conventionally the issue of fractures has been looked at in terms of intrinsic factors related to the patient. Extrinsic factors that could affect the impact, such as the floor (or surface of the impact) have not been investigated in great details. This UK based study seeks to fill this gap in the research. 
Key Point Summary
Added October 2012

Incidents relating to the intra-hospital transfer of critically ill patients

Author(s): Beckmann, U., Gillies, D. M., Berenholtz, S. M., Wu, A. W., Pronovost, P.
Transportation of critically ill patients between hospitals can increase complications. Intrahospital transportation poses many of the same risks. Examining these incidents could uncover ways to improve patient safety during transportation. 
Key Point Summary
Added April 2014

Objective evaluation of the effect of noise on the performance of a complex laparoscopic task

Author(s): Moorthy, K., Munz, Y., Undre, S., Darzi A.
Noise in operating rooms has been found to be as much as two times higher than the recommended level of 45 dB. Music is played in some operating rooms to reduce patient anxiety, increase the surgeon’s concentration, and mask noise in the operating theater. While some studies have shown the detrimental effect of noise and the beneficial effects of music on patients in the OR, few studies have covered the effects of these factors on the performance of medical staff.
Key Point Summary
Added July 2014

Parental Views of the Social Environment of an Outpatient Bone Marrow Transplant Clinic

Author(s): Pritchett, J. K., Buckner, E. B.
Researchers learned that when the waiting room was eliminated and all patients and caregivers at a pediatric bone marrow transplant (BMT) clinic waited and received treatment in a single room with all the other patients and caregivers (except for in certain specific situations, as noted below), a social environment developed that was, the authors state, “complementary to the technical aspects of medical care.”
Key Point Summary
Added February 2014

Simple Additions to the Pharmacy Waiting Area May Increase Patient Satisfaction

Author(s): Cheng, C.
Simple changes to pharmacy waiting areas, such as hanging posters related to the prescription filling process, are linked to patient satisfaction with a pharmacy.
Key Point Summary
Added March 2014

Quality of life and building design in residential and nursing homes for older people

Author(s): Parker, C., Barnes, S., McKee, K., Morgan, K., Torrington, J., Tregenza, P.
Older people living in residential and nursing care homes spend a large proportion of their time within the boundaries of the home, and may depend on the environment to compensate for their physical or cognitive frailties. Regulations and guidelines on the design of care buildings have accumulated over time with little knowledge of their impact on the quality of life of building users. The Design...
Key Point Summary
Added September 2017

Wound ventilation with ultraclean air for prevention of direct airborne contamination during surgery

Author(s): Persson, M., van der Linden, J.
Added September 2017

Randomised controlled trial of labouring in water compared with standard of augmentation for management of dystocia in first stage of labour

Author(s): Cluett, E. R., Pickering, R. M., Getliffe, K., Saunders, N. J.
Added July 2019