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Knowledge Repository

Characteristics and circumstances of falls in a hospital setting

Author(s): Hitcho, E., Krauss, M., Birge, S., Dunagan, W., Fischer, I., Johnson, S., Nast, P. A., Costantinou, E., Fraser, V. J.
Patient falls refer to patients’ unplanned descent to the floor with or without injuries to the patients. Patient falls are common for inpatients, averaging 2.3 to 7 falls per 1,000 patient days. About 30% of the falls lead to injuries, which contribute to higher healthcare cost. In order to prevent falls, it is very important to understand the epidemiology of patient falls, including the characteristics of fallers, the distribution and patterns of falls, contributing factors, and fall-related injuries.
Key Point Summary
Added August 2012

Emission of Di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate from PVC flooring into air and uptake in dust: Emission and sorption experiments in FLEC and CLIMPAQ

Author(s): Clausen, P.A., Hansen, V., Gunnarsen, L., Afshari, A., Wolkoff, P.
Added October 2012

Color in Healthcare Environments: A Critical Review of the Research Literature

Author(s): Tofle, R.B., Schwartz, B., Yoon, S.-Y., Max-Royale, A.
Added October 2012

Development of a new analyzing model for quantifying pedestrian slip resistance characteristics: part 1- basic concepts and theories

Author(s): Kim, I.-J.
Added October 2012

Industrially interesting approaches to “low-CO2” cements

Author(s): Gartner, E.
Added October 2012

Influence of coronary intensive care acoustics on the physiological states and quality of care of patients

Author(s): Hagerman, I., Theorell, T., Ulrich, R.S., Blomkvist, V., Eriksen, C.A., Rasmanis, G.
Added October 2012

Patient-friendly hospital environments: exploring the patients' perspective

Author(s): Douglas, C.H., Douglas, M.R.
Added October 2012

Can flooring and underlay materials reduce hip fractures in older people?

Author(s): Minns, J.
Falls resulting in fracture of the hip in older people are a major health problem worldwide. Flooring that is slippery and unsuitable footwear are other major factors contributing to the onset of fractures in the home. Building design should incorporate measures to minimize the risk of falls.
Key Point Summary
Added November 2014

Contamination, disinfection, and cross-colonization: Are hospital surfaces reservoirs for nosocomial infection?

Author(s): Hota, B.
Added October 2012

Interventions for the prevention of falls in older adults: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials

Author(s): Chang, J.T., Morton, S.C, Rubenstein, L. Z., Mojica, W.A., Maglione, M., Suttorp, M.J., Shekelle, P. G.
Falls are a major health concern for older adults worldwide, not only because of the potential for fractures and head injuries, but also for the emotional toll—the fear and anxiety—that can develop as a result of an injury or close call. While the literature on fall interventions is vast, there is limited understanding about the best methods for preventing falls. The authors conducted an extensive review and analysis of relevant, rigorous research trials to assess the relative effectiveness of different types of fall interventions. Under comparison were falls risk assessment and management programs, exercise programs, environmental modification programs, and educational interventions.
Key Point Summary
Added March 2014