Comparison of the auditory and visual privacy of emergency department treatment areas with curtains versus those with solid walls
Annals of Emergency Medicine
Privacy and confidentiality are crucial to patients and their relationship with their healthcare provider. Many emergency departments (EDs) use curtains to separate different areas of care and treatment to enable smooth movement of equipment and personnel and allow for patient observation.
Added October 2012
Neonatal Response to Control of Noise Inside the Incubator
Premature infants are at risk for long-term neurologic, cognitive, and behavioral problems. Therefore, supporting these medically fragile infants as they adapt to life outside the womb by decreasing possible environmental stressors, such as noise, is important. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Committee of Environmental Hazards recommends that neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) sound levels below 45 dB. Yet these babies are often in incubators, which are associated with higher sound levels from the equipment and surrounding environment.
Added January 2014
Quality Improvement Practices: Enhancing Quality of Life During Mealtimes
Journal for Nurses in Staff Development
Studies identified that malnutrition affects up to 54% of the 1.5 million Americans over age 65 who reside in the nation’s 20,000 nursing homes and can lead to death or chronic disability. Physical causes of malnutrition include altered sensation, medication effects, and impaired feeding ability. Psychological causes include cognitive impairment, depression, and social isolation. Mealtime is also a very important time of day for residents of nursing homes since it is a time for socialization, remembering family and past events, and enjoying the sensory experience of eating. The mealtime experience can enhance the quality of life for residents in nursing homes.
Added April 2014
A randomized controlled trial to prevent patient lift and transfer injuries of health care workers
Back injury to nursing staff during patient-handling tasks is a major issue in healthcare. The value of mechanical assistive devices in reducing injuries to these workers is unclear.
Added July 2014
Using external memory aids to increase room finding by older adults with dementia
American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
Memory deficits are commonly experienced by seniors with Alzheimer's disease and dementia. Disorientation is a memory-related skill deficit that leads to reduced mobility and inhibits independence. Further, it is upsetting for residents when they can't find their rooms and often repeatedly ask staff to help them. Some research suggests that display cases with the residents’ personal memorabilia can help those with moderately severe dementia locate their rooms.
Added May 2014
Single Room Maternity Care: The Nursing Response.
Single room maternity care focused on family-centered experience, has gained popularity in recent times. However, this model necessitates new demands on nursing which requires competence across the spectrum of labor, delivery, postpartum and newborn care. In another study authors of this paper have established client satisfaction with the new model of maternity care.
Added November 2012
Noise and related events in neonatal intensive care unit
Acta Paediatrical Taiwanica
Noise contributes to environmental stress to premature infants, who often spend long periods of time in neonatal intensive care units (NICU). Some research indicates that noise contributes to higher incidences of hearing loss, as well as cardiovascular, respirator, endocrine, and behavioral deficits. Some of the noise might be reduced by studying different aspects of NICU settings (i.e., wards, personnel, equipment, and procedures).
Added April 2014
Reducing incidence of low-back injuries reduces cost
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal
To reduce musculoskeletal injuries in employees and to lower the financial costs associated with them, a 525-bed county nursing home in upstate New York initiated a five-step ergonomics program and purchased mechanical lifting devices. The five steps in the program were (1) creation of a resident transfer evaluation team, (2) establishment of an accident review committee, (3) mandatory ergonomics...
Added October 2012
Effect of flooring on standing comfort and fatigue
Standing for extended periods of time, especially within restricted areas, has been shown to exacerbate a variety of health problems often related to lower-body tiredness, swelling, and pain. Previous studies investigating how different flooring materials and their varying properties (stiffness, elasticity, and energy absorption) contribute to these health problems have shown conflicting results.
Added October 2017